Jung's Methods in Psychotherapy
Jung himself once said, "Thank God I'm Jung and not Jungian."
Statement that may seem strange. But it is not. What Jung meant is that the Jungians do not understand his theories and methods, or they have no flair and do not apply his techniques properly.
Indeed, if we read the writings of his disciples, we discover a sickly inclination to play with words and state things that Jung either did not state or did it but in a completely different way.
That is why it is necessary to write a few lines about Jung's analytical method.
His method follows the Freud's one, as he often admitted. In rare
cases, when the Freudian is not sufficient, Jung would apply also a complementary method that should guide the patient to a personal confrontation with the archetypes of the collective unconscious.
This confrontation aims at the assimilation of the archetypal information leading to the extension of consciousness. This is what Jung himself calls the individuation process aiming at directing one to the realization of the psychic wholeness.
In short, the Jungian wholeness consists in the conjunction of the
consciousness and unconscious leading to the birth of a new personality that borrows from both ingredients.
On the plane of the psychotherapy, this new personality is better fit
to cope with the outer and inner developmental requests.
Jungian psychotherapy makes use of the following techniques:
Free Associations Test
Test used in psychotherapeutic treatment that consists of recording
the average response time to certain stimulus-words. The patient is asked to answer to the inducted words pronounced by the analyst with any word that comes to his mind. The response time can be
an indicator of the activated unconscious complexes.*
Up to a point, Jung's dream interpretation method follows the
Freud's one, including the free associations, subject level, retrospective approach. But he later added several new concepts, such as the amplification
of dream content, the idea that the dream brings a compensation to the one-sided individual ego, and its finality that aims at the the psychic wholeness. Learn more...
Interested in Jung's method of dream interpretation?
Would you like to treat your dreams
like Jung did?
=> Click here to learn more
Jung invited his patients to let all the things flow in their mind.
That is, the inner fantasies must flow freely while the patient must proceed not as a detached and contemplative viewer, nor as a psychotherapist, but as an actor that takes part in his/her fantasies,
that plays a role in them. The fantasies are products of the unconscious and must be fully integrated consciously. Learn more.
A large part of dream interpretation technique at Jung consists in symbol analysis. It aims at the integration of the unconscious
contents and the extension of conscious mind. Learn more
Playing, painting, building
and other such activities
may lead one to explore and manifest his unconscious feelings and images. In painting one may express a visual representation of the wholeness. Also in building, one may relieve his inner creative
forces blocked or inhibited by his one-sided moral or ethical values. See also mandala.
* A Jungian personality test may be taken online here. You'll learn what is
your kind of personality, what are your Jung type and how will your psychological type fit certain kinds of jobs.
Several must-read works by Jung that illustrates his psychoterapeutic method:
- The Practice of Psychotherapy
- a collection of essays related to this subject and its specific problems. -> Amazon link: https://amzn.to/2OFe6GX
- Two Essays on Analytical Psychology - the best introductory study to the theory and practice of Jung's psychotherapy. ->
Amazon link: https://amzn.to/3jnFBTj