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Jung Meets Freud

In parallel with this first experience of diseases, Jung became familiar with nervous diseases only in contact with the masters: Bleuler, who was aware of his decision to come to Burgholzli, Pierre Janet, whose physiological theory impressed him deeply in the semester he spent in Salpetriere in the winter 1902-1903 and, eventually, Freud.

Jung and Freud
Freud (first from the left) and Jung (center) at a congress of psychoanalysis
Since 1900, at Bleuler's request, Jung had a report to do on "The Science of Dreams" of the Vienna master [Freud]. In 1903 he discovered the consistency between Freud's theses and his own results on the free associations test. Nonetheless, he had to wait the year 1907 to personally meet Freud. 13 hours of heated conversation proved to Jung that he was right to support the congress in Munchen (1906): "If what Freud says is true, then I am on his side. I have no regard for a career where the truth is murdered and the research mutilated".

From this moment on, Jung militated everywhere: in 1908, with Freud and Adler, at Salzburg Congress. In 1909, as editor in chief of "Journal of Psychoanalysis and Psychopathology" run by Bleuler and Freud. In the same year, during his travel to the United States, at Clark University, where he and Freud were both awarded the title Doctor honoris causa. In 1911, he was appointed co-founder and chairman of the "International Society of Psychoanalysis".

Later on Freud would be disappointed in the man he had chosen as his direct heir. Apparently, Jung was the first to be disappointed, during his meetings with "his foster father" in Vienna, in 1909 and 1910. During one such meeting, Freud said that sexual theory was "a stronghold to protect against occultism", referring by occultism to philosophy, religion and emerging parapsychology. Jung was also surprised by Freud's syncopes after their first controversy.

 

Freud-Jung Correspondence

You may find more about Jung-Freud period, their collective work, aims and dialogues, by reading the huge correspondence between the two. The book may be purchased online from Amazon.com. Click the link for further information or the "Buy from Amazon" button to purchase

The controversies were provoked and partially compensated by the support Jung found in Theodore Flournoy (very much influenced by James's pragmatism) and the intellectual openness he believed to find in Creuzer, when reading "Symbolism and mythology of peoples"  (1909-1910). It was under the influence of these new masters that Jung would write "Metamorphoses and Symbols of the Libido", in 1912.

The content of this work does no longer correspond to the research of "the brilliant successor" he had published in "Diagnostic Studies on the Associations" (1903), "Psychology of Dementia Praecox" (1907) or "Content of Psychoses" (1908).

However, the chapter on the incest could not have caused a "conflict between schools" if it had not been based on "a conflict of personalities".

The separation from Freud, in 1913, would depend on the new orientation of Jung: he did not know to which direction the phantasms that assaulted him in that period would lead him. Later, Jung also abandoned his courses taught at the medical school.

His family and his private patients would be his only connection with this external world in complete disagreement with his internal world, as he was in the throes of psychosis.

Jung was then 38 years old and had been fighting against his psychosis for five years, searching a remedy in the evil itself.

--
Abstract from C.G. Jung - An Exemplary Life, by
Bernard Thomas Gennari. Translation from French.

 

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